TAWAU – The Making of a Tropical Community
The story of Tawau and its only around 130 years old. People alive today, including this author, have known those who were present at the very start of a recognisable settlement at the mouth of the Tawau River. Ken Goodlet’s interviews cover around 21 linguistic groups in those early days, making this record of Tawau rainbow-coloured in its diversity.
The book shows that Tawau has had at least two natural advantages: its location and its natural wealth. Situated at the meeting point of three states that were formerly very different (and competing) colonies, Tawau has been a haven of prosperity and peace, first under the British and then as part of Malaysia. This has attracted trade and immigration (and, at times, envy) not only from far distant Japan and China, but from the Dutch East Indies (later, Indonesia) to its immediate south and from the Spanish and American and, later, independent Philippines to its east.
Tawau’s natural wealth, evidenced in a favourable climate, large pockets of excellent soil and coal deposits, have provided residents with jungle produce, then mining and timber, then the rubber and hemp and cocoa, and finally oil palm prosperity, augmented by a host of less important agricultural products. The book shows how this has led to extensive migration and capital investment and to the growth of a diverse agriculture-based economy with a complex infrastructure. While previously unimagined wealth has brought better health and a higher standard of living, inevitably it has brought problems-unsustainable exploitation of natural resources, illegal immigration, wealth inequity and loss of some community values. But the final chapter makes clear the present it is a better world for most than it was at any time in the past.
Introduction: A Long-hidden Treasure Trove
- The Beginnings of Tawau 1857-1891
- From Kampong to Town 1891-1905
- The Promise of Coal and Rubber 1905-1917
- Dreams and Disappointments 1917-1931
- A Japanese-led Recovery 1931-1942
- Japanese Occupation and after 1942-1946
- Recovery and Progress 1964-1960
- From Colony to Federation 1960-1967
- The Promise of Increased Prosperity 1967-1976
- The Golden Age 1976-1985
- An Oil Palm-based Economy 1986-2008
Appendix 1: Tawau Chronology
Appendix 2: Oral Sources
Appendix 3: Government Officials in Tawau
Appendix 4: The Geology of Tawau
Publication Date: March 2010
Publisher: Opus Publications Sdn. Bhd.
Author: Ken Goodlet